English Lessons for Advanced Learners. England, 1819

Список синонимов к тексту № 4 (advanced)

  1. delirious = unable to speak
  2. bleed (bled-bled) =put leeches to his chest (cтавить пьявки)
  3. discernible = clear
  4. contract = produce vacuum
  5. torment = cause pain
  6. wince =make uncontrolled movement
  7. lament = cry sadly
  8. endure — suffer
  9. feverish = be running a temperature
  10. a blister = bubble on the body filled with liquid
  11. summon = get
  12. sole guardian = the only keeper
  13. legible = clear


By Wednesday, 12 January, the Duke was unable to speak, suffering from severe pains in his chest. He couldn’t breathe properly. Dr Wilsom had him put leeches to his chest but his condition only worsened. The Dutchess was terrified. «I am nursing my beloved one to the best of my abilities,» she sighed. She felt helpless in a freezing house with a severely ill husband and a baby who had also had fallen sick. After a week with no clear improvement, Dr Wilson took a decision of cupping his patient. He made cuts all over the Duke’s body, covering each with a hot cup. When the cup cooled, it produced vacuum and blood was drawn out, causing agonising pain. «For four hours they have been causing him pain,» the dutchess made uncontrolled movements hardly able to watch. When cupping seemed to have no effect, they began to put leeches to him again, and even cut and cupped his head.

The Dutchess cried sadly «My poor Edvard has to suffer so much». She doubted that it could be good for the patient to lose so much blood, when he was already so weak. She was beside herself. Next day the Duke was running a temperature and struggling to breathe. Next day the Duke was bled for the sixth time. «It was too dreadful,» the Dutchess agonised. «There was hardly a spot on his dear body which hasn’t been touched by cupping, bubbles or bleeding. He was terribly exhausted yesterday after all that had been done to him by those cruel doctors.» On Friday ten days after the Duke took to his bed, Sir William declared that the royal family should be informed that he lay in grave danger. He told the Dutchess the truth: «human help could no longer avail.» Still conscious, the Duke managed to get strenth to ask for his will to be drawn up, appointing the Dutchess the only keeper of their child and leaving her property. He struggled to hold the pen, worrying that his signature might not be clear.

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